Identifying Prostate Cancer

Recognising the symptoms and how to look out for them.

Learn more about Prostate cancer tests and other prostate ailments.

To get checked for Prostate Cancer consult with your GP.


PSA Test – A PSA test measures the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood. It can help to diagnose prostate disease.

PSMA – 68Ga-PSMA has been shown to be highly effective in the detection of prostate cancer cells in regional nodes and distant metastatic sites as well as early detection of site of relapse following definitive treatment of the disease.

Prostate Diagnosis – Once a diagnosis of prostate cancer has been made a man and his doctor must decide what steps to take next for management and treatment.

Prostate Enlargement – BPH refers to benign prostatic hyperplasia (increase in the number of cells) or hypertrophy (increase in cell size), the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate. BPH is the most common prostate disease in men.

Blood in Semen – Blood in semen, also called haematospermia, can happen to men at any age after puberty. It is most common in men aged 30 to 40 years and in men over 50 years of age with benign prostate enlargement.

Active Surveillance – Active surveillance is a way of monitoring prostate cancer which aims to avoid unnecessary treatment in men with less aggressive cancer. Prostate cancer can often be slow growing and, for many men, it may never progress or cause any symptoms. In other words, many men with prostate cancer may never need any treatment.

Know Your Prostate – This booklet is for men who’ve recently been diagnosed with prostate cancer. Your partner, family and friends might also find it useful. It explains what prostate cancer is, the tests you may have to diagnose it, and the treatment options available.

Advanced Prostate Cancer – Advanced prostate cancer is cancer that has spread from the prostate gland to other parts of the body. It is also called metastatic prostate cancer. This is when tiny prostate cancer cells move from the prostate to other parts of the body through the blood stream or lymphatic system.

Enlarged Prostate – About 1 in 3 men over the age of 50 have urinary symptoms. The most common cause of these symptoms is an enlarged prostate.

Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PIN) – PIN is not prostate cancer. PIN stands for prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. It’s the name for certain kinds of changes to cells in the prostate. These changes can only be seen under a microscope.

Prostatitis – Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland, which means the prostate can feel sore and irritated. Prostatitis can be caused by a bacterial infection or non-bacterial inflammation, and it can be very painful and have a major effect on quality of life.

Users Guide – The male reproductive system plays a key role in many areas of well-being. Knowing more about your body, how it works, and what diseases can affect you is the first step to a healthier life.

Localised Prostate Cancer – Localised prostate cancer is prostate cancer that is contained within the prostate gland. You may also hear it called early or organ-confined prostate cancer.

A to Z of Medical Words – This fact sheet explains some of the medical words that you may read or hear when you are finding out about prostate problems and prostate cancer.

Links made with the kind permission of Prostate Cancer UK and PAndrology Australia.